Farrar Dairy Stream and Wetland Restoration

Piedmont, North Carolina

Farrar-Dairy-Wetland-and-Stream-Restoration-Conservation-AreaFrom identifying the site’s potential for the full-delivery program, to negotiating with property owners, and through assessment, design, construction, monitoring and maintenance, the eight-year, $6 million Farrar Dairy Stream and Wetland Restoration site was the largest project ever awarded to KCI by the North Carolina Ecosystem Enhancement Program.
The project aimed to reestablish an interconnected floodplain corridor by restoring the streams, riparian buffers and forested wetlands along the North Prong of Anderson Creek (NPAC), the main stream through the site. The streams and wetlands at the site had become degraded through poor grazing management, ditching and vegetation removal.

KCI conducted a thorough assessment, followed by design, permitting and construction of the site. To the extent practical, design elements were added with the goal of returning the site to its pre-disturbance, natural condition. Scientists incorporated design features to lift the bed of the channel, hold surface water in the wetlands, and treat runoff from cattle feedlots. The restoration plan called for filling and plugging ditches created in the drained hydric soil areas to restore hydrologic conditions. Incoming tributaries to the NPAC were returned to natural channel forms. Existing wetlands of marginal quality were enhanced by removing berms, treating invasive species, and partially filling and regarding open water impoundments. Restored areas were connected to a stream and wetland preservation area along the downstream end of the NPAC creating an interconnected wildlife corridor. Finally, a planting plan was developed and implemented to kick start the re-development of a functional Coastal Plain Small Swamp Stream community through the planting of species known to exist within these community types within the wetland microtopography created as part of the project.

The project provided mitigation credit for stream and wetland impacts by restoring, enhancing, and preserving 13,044 linear feet of stream and 112 acres of wetland, while fulfilling the owner’s lifelong dream of converting a large portion of his property into a hunting preserve.